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IMPORTANCE OF PSYCHOLOGY IN NURSING PRACTICE

Psychology is a practice that is common in all industry and according to Pastorino & Portillo (2012); Psychology is a field of scientific mental that deals with behaviors practice. Barker (2007) further terms behavior as the combination of all observable activities of mental processes and responses that consign to our hidden movement of mind.
It is importance to study the human mind to make progress and improve the outcome of operations done on a daily basis. It has subjected numerous in people’s minds and approved having a high impact on nursing, as well. (Masters, 2005). Psychology and nursing differ but connect at some levels. Nursing is the practice totally aimed at helping patients improve from severe and chronic illnesses while psychology is treating the psychological problems of patients. Nurses must recognize the psychology needs of their patients and inspire them passionately for a quick recovery.
According to Priest, (2011) importance of psychology in nursing helps nurses to take care of patient’s responsibility during cruel health situations and deal with their tempers and mental activities. Patients depend on nurses, thus helping them lessen their mental disturbance. Physical illness leads in mental disruption and witnessed in many patients; at this level nurses have to be caring and kind. Nurses are skilled in a way that, they help patients emotionally by addressing the mental changes. Nurse training is based on theoretical reflection and change of any conduct they notice in each patient.
For example, biological psychology is the utmost practiced by a nurse to evaluate the connection between patient behavior and biological responses. Nurses are skilled on the focus of the psychological illnesses and temper changes of patients credited by hormonal response, neurological alterations and the genetic factor. (Rana& Upton 2009). Knowledge of psychodynamic psychology by nurses is merely to raise the assurance between patients. It has been confirmed scientifically that progressive thoughts affect the whole health of an individual which results in sturdy immune system.
Psychology is taught in nursing with the aim of supporting the patient, the present scientific knowledge on counseling psychology and clinical psychology are vital in nurses’ performances, in their duties. They receive patients in each day and with these services make it easily for nurses to identify the symptoms signs of mental hitches compared to other medical health assistants (Larson et al, 1997).
In hospitals and health centers, sick differ, for example, those in ICU, HDU and common ward. Assignment of Nurse is the duty to work with patients who are ill or those with acute health problems. Patient has their individual mode of reaction; others may experience illusions as a result of long period use of ventilator and others may have irregular mood swings. (Masters, 2005). Nurses prepared to face such behaviors throughout their work. Beside the course of treatment, they shape a strong association with patients and initiate family that are expected to be friendly and understanding to patients.
In conclusion, a nurse is a health care expert his work involves applying nursing practice. Nurses may as well be concerned in nursing research and medical practice a broad collection of non-clinical deeds needed to the deliverance of health care. With the help of Psychology, it has made this possible in medical health professionals and boosting health in delivering to a large number of people. (Upton, 2010).Many efforts to control professionals’ behavior, strategies meant at changing patient behavior are familiarized and evidence-based. Many psychological constructs such as self-efficacy help to account how patients are expectant to change behavior in reaction to medical requirements, for example, control glycemia in diabetes (Peyrot et al, 1999).

References

Barker, S. (2007). Vital Notes for Nurses Psychology... Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons.

Larson, E.L. et al (1997) a multi-faceted approach to changing hands washing behaviour. American Journal of Infection Control; 25: 1, 3-10.

Masters, K. (2005). Role development in professional nursing practice. Sudbury, Mass.: Jones and Bartlett.

Pastorino, E., & Portillo, S. (2006). What is psychology? Australia: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning.

Peyrot, M. et al (1999) a bio psychosocial model of glycaemia control in diabetes: stress, coping and regimen adherence. Journal of Health and Social Behaviour; 40: 141-158.

Priest, H. (2011). An Introduction to Psychological Care in Nursing and the Health Professions. Hoboken: Taylor & Francis.

Rana, D., & Upton, D. (2009). Psychology for nurses. Harlow, England: Pearson Education.

Russell, G. (2002). Essential psychology for nurses and other health professionals (Taylor & Francis e-Library Ed.). London: Routledge.

Upton, D. (2010). Introducing psychology for nurses and healthcare professionals. Harlow, England: Pearson.