1. All (0)


  1. All (470)
Home portfolios The Arts Past and Present

The Arts Past and Present


Area of Expertise:

  • Art and design


The Arts Past and Present
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was born on 18 July, 1918 in Transkei, South Africa. He was the son of Henry Mandela a local leader of the Tembu people. Mandela was a qualified lawyer after attending the University College of Fort Hare and the University of Witwatersrand in 1942.
Mandela’s reputation was established after his graduation when joined hands with the African National Congress (NAC) in 1944. He started engaging in rebellion against the apartheid policies of the ruling National party after 1948. The apartheid law or policy promoted inequality among people and with time it had become the governing system of South Africa.This law mostly discriminated black South African people. The country was separated according to the different race of black, white and colored. Each class had its own separate hospitals, schools and buses. Mandela reputation against apartheid policies had started growing over the country. Later on he was arrested and taken to trial for treason in 1956-1961 and was freed in 1961 because he was not guilty.
In the year 1960 ANC was banned, but this did not stop Mandela from putting up a military wig in the ANC. He also set up a campaign on the use of aggressive plans and the ANC leaders supportive of his proposal, this is how Mandela ended up forming the Umkhonto we Sizwe. Umkhonto we Sizwe group under the leadership of Mandela started becoming stronger and its reputation had grown more.( Mandela 112) This led to Mandela arrest in1962 and imprisoned for five years with tough labor. Later in 1963 his fellow Umkhonto we Sizwe and ANC leaders were apprehended, together with Mandela they were accused of conspiracy to overturn the government with violent behavior. The accused together with Mandela were to stay in prison for the rest of their lives. Mandela first statement on the dock attracted lots of international publicity hence forth he began to establish his reputation.
Mandela reputation against apartheid grew intensively over his time in prison. He became a very significant and important leader of the black people in South Africa. He objected and represented resistance the anti-racism movement started forming. Mandela refused to be freed from prison at the expense of giving up his political position. Mandela served around 27 years in prison on the Robben Island, but he did not give up. He continued to enlighten people through his teachings and work. His popularity grew from the deep villages all though South Africa and the whole world wide.
After coming from prison he preached reconciliation among the many races of South Africa and advocating for nation building spirit to the country people. His message spread through the world and in 1993 he won a Nobel Prize. In 1994 he became the first democratically elected president of South Africa; he had succeeded in bringing unity in the different races of his country by his examples and reputations. During his ruling as a president he was not successful in bringing peace in the country but also fought calamities like HIV/Aids by empowering the affected and the infected. He retired from for politics in 2004, after fighting and winning the battle he had started.
There are many factors that can lead to one being more favored over the account of another’s reputation construction. The following factors can lead tone being more favored;
-Community ; community plays a major role in one's reputation especially, the surroundings where one was born or brought up in. A few slips here and there can lead to one ruining their reputation or some member may have a negative attitude towards somebody and end ruining the whole community whole community view towards a person due to negative reviews.
- Social media or source material can also end up favoring one person over the other, or make negative and misinformed review on somebody.
-Corruption; it is the major deal breaker when it comes to reputation. Mostly one reputation can be ruined over rumors about corruption or irregularities, this is common in workplaces. You can lose your clients and the opposing company may end up getting them. This not only reflected bad image for your company but also on yourself.
-Lying can also be a factor in contributing to reputation, lies one way or the other always catches up with a person. To be on the safe side it good not to lie this will save a lot of your trouble and damages.
-Miscommunication; lack of communication is very dangerous when it comes to human. One must learn to listen before speaking. Communication brings mutual understanding to any involved party.

Culture plays a major role in someone’s reputation construction or destruction (Solove 36). A reputation is an opinion or a belief about somebody else or something else after a social assessment. It can also be defined as an approximate measurement of trust. Like in the Mandela reputation it is well seen that his reputation grew more and more even when he was in prison this meant that the community trusted him and they were for what he stood for. Reputation is based on the following three independent but interconnected things;
-A believed or trusted person or object
-A community
- An objective
Reputation is highly influenced by the community and it is subject to change and can be easily be affected by deception and corruption.
There are decisions based on the community and affect someone's decision. There are 3 levels of reputation:
-Epistemic; acceptance of of values and beliefs that form an image or an acknowledgement of a certain reputation
-Pragmatic-strategic; usage of certain image to determine future interaction with a certain person or object.
-Mimetic; they are values and beliefs about a certain person as evaluated by other people.
Generally culture plays a great role is someone’s reputation.
A source material can be defined as a piece of art, creator of the art or a publisher of the art. Source materials should be can use keenly when constructing a reputation because it is the same source material which can be used to bring somebody down. Reputation is a great asset to all ranging from personal individual to companies. It is one of the intangible assets, including goodwill, brand, capital and knowhow. A rise in any risk associated with reputation is made worse by the public imaging though social media like journals books and blogs. It is believed that social media contribute more 66% of spread of reputation. Reputation is one of the hardest things to manage and to meddle, it is believed that reputation risk is not manageable and not easily predictable. It can bring a lot of tangible losses more than other risks and it is difficult to quantify. And can lead to financial damages .Hence there is need of caution when using source materials.

The main difference between a myth and truth is the ability to prove them scientifically. For example consuming hot pepper cures flu is a myth because there is not scientific proof that this actually works. While if one says smoking cigarettes can cause lung cancer is a fact since there is scientific back up and evidence supporting this saying.
Myths are handed over from one generation to another by word of mouth for example in the form of a story without any evidence linked to them (Colavincenzo 15). In addition myths are used to explain that which cannot be explained, while facts are used to clarify that what can be clarified. We can also say facts are givens as detail, while myths are legend from a certain traditions and beliefs of a community and it is symbolic to that community. Most of the myths are more historical than fact and be passed down the lineage for over many thousand years to come. Lastly myths cannot be considered false or true because it cannot be proven but true facts can be unconfirmed by scientific testing.
The term “competing reputation” is used to refer how positively, or negatively, a person or a company or similar institution is perceived by the community ranging from the small villages to the big cities and worldwide as a whole.
Nelson Mandela reputation is well known worldwide and it is still competing as one of the most famous people in the world. His reputation has a rich historical and social background with teaching about loyalty and fight against apartheid. This reputation goes back for over many years ago and till today. He won a Nobel in 1993 together with Frederik Willem for their hard work to end the apartheid policy and restoring peace in South Africa. On 18 July, every year as Mandela celebrate his birthday the whole South Africa nation celebrates with him a Nelson international day, this a day for the nation to remember his achievements in fighting for human rights, conflict resolution, reconciliation , peace and democracy.
I can conclude that Mandela reputation is still intact and strong till today though he retired from political career he has made significant contributions to his country and his legacy is still remembered and will still be remembered even in many more years to come.



Works cited
Colavincenzo, Marc. Trading magic for fact, fact for magic : myth and mythologizing in
Postmodern Canadian historical fiction. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2003. Print.
Mandela, Nelson. Long walk to freedom: the autobiography of Nelson Mandela. New York, NY: Back Bay Books/Little, Brown and Co. /Hachette Book Group, 2008.Print
Solove, Daniel J. The Future of Reputation: Gossip, Rumor, and Privacy on the Internet. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2007. Print